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Essential items for your first aid kit

    A well-equipped at home first aid kit is essential for health care in case of emergency.

    first aid kit

    For any emergency that may occur at home, it is important to be prepared with an adequate first aid kit. Although you can buy an entire first aid kit at the pharmacy, you can also put together a home first aid kit with essential items. In this section, we will show you which elements are essential for a complete home medicine cabinet.

    Key points

    • A proper home medicine cabinet should have the basic medications and necessary first aid tools.
    • It is important to have relevant medical information in your first aid kit, as well as an emergency kit for natural disasters.
    • Consider putting together specific first aid kits for travel, pets, and children.
    • Keep your home medicine cabinet well organized and updated with items that may expire or expire.
    • Consult with a health professional about the specific medications and items you should include in your home medicine cabinet.

    Basic medicines

    It is essential to have the necessary medications in your medicine cabinet to take care of your family’s health. These are some basic medications that cannot be missed:

    AnalgesicsRelieve muscle, headache or menstrual pain
    AntipyreticsLower the fever
    AntidiarrheicControl diarrhea
    BandagesCover wounds or injuries and prevent infections
    AntisepticsClean and disinfect wounds and cuts

    In addition to these basic medications, you can include others according to your family’s needs. Remember to check the expiration dates and replace them when necessary.

    First Aid Tools

    First Aid Tools

    Your home medicine cabinet should include proper first aid tools and equipment for any emergency that may arise. It is important to keep in mind that the correct use of these tools can be essential to save lives.

    Scissors and Tweezers

    Scissors are an essential tool for cutting bandages, tape and clothing. Make sure they are sharp and of good quality. The tweezers should be fine and precise, this makes them ideal for removing foreign bodies from the skin or removing splinters.

    Bandages and Dressings

    Bandages are ideal for compression and wound dressing, they should be available in different sizes and styles. Dressings, also known as gauze, should be of good quality and sterile. They are ideal for cleaning wounds before applying medications.


    A thermometer is essential to measure body temperature. Digital thermometers are easy to read and can provide an accurate reading in seconds.

    Disposable Gloves

    Disposable gloves are an effective barrier for the protection and prevention of diseases transmitted through blood and other body fluids. It is important to always have them on hand to use in case of emergency.

    Thermal Blanket

    A heated blanket can help maintain body temperature and protect against hypothermia. It is ideal for people who have suffered injuries, hypothermia or exposure to extreme temperatures.

    Healing Material

    To heal wounds and burns, it is important to have an adequate supply of bandages, gauze, adhesive dressings, and antiseptics in your home medicine cabinet. You also need alcohol, which is useful for cleaning and disinfecting first aid tools.

    Below, we present the items necessary for an emergency first aid kit at home:

    Bandages of Different Sizes10 units
    Sterile Gauze10 units
    Adhesive Dressings1 box
    Scissors1 unit
    Tweezers1 unit
    Antiseptic1 bottle
    Alcohol1 bottle

    Remember that healing material should be kept clean and stored in a cool, dry place to avoid moisture and germ contamination.

    Specific Medications

    In addition to basic household medications, there are others that you can include in your medicine cabinet depending on your family’s specific needs:

    MedicineRecommended use
    AntihistaminesIdeal for treating allergies and insect bites.
    DecongestantsUseful for treating nasal congestion and sinus problems.
    Cough SyrupsThey are used to treat coughs and sore throats.
    Children’s AcetaminophenTo treat pain and fever in children.
    AspirinTo relieve headache and muscle pain.

    Be sure to read the directions and recommendations before administering any medication and always follow your doctor’s instructions.

    Personal Protection Equipment

    In this section, we will show you which personal protection elements are essential to include in your home first aid kit. You never know when you will need to respond to an emergency and protect yourself and others from possible infection.

    Disposable Gloves

    Gloves are a basic necessity in any medicine cabinet. Disposable gloves allow you to protect yourself from bacteria and the transmission of diseases, especially if you are treating a wound or healing others.


    Masks are important to protect others from possible infection, especially if you have symptoms of a respiratory illness, such as a cold or flu. They are also essential elements if you are going to carry out cleaning or disinfection tasks in your home.

    Safety Glasses

    Safety glasses will help you protect your eyes from chemicals or particles that could damage them. They can also be useful if you have to perform a medical procedure where there is a risk of splash.

    Protective Gowns

    Protective gowns are very useful if you must work in contaminated areas or if you need to protect your clothing from exposure to chemicals. These gowns prevent cross-contamination and allow you to work in a safer space.

    Remember that these personal protection items are necessary for any home first aid kit and will help you ensure that you take care of your well-being and that of your loved ones at all times.

    Important Medical Information

    When it comes to medical emergencies, being well prepared can make a big difference. In addition to having basic household medications and first aid tools, it is also important to have relevant medical information on hand.

    In your medicine cabinet, make sure you have a list of emergency phone numbers, including your GP’s number and contacts for local emergency services. It’s also important to have a hard copy of your family’s medical history and the medications they take, in case of an emergency.

    If you have health insurance, carry a copy of your insurance card and your family members’ ID cards. This will facilitate the process of arrival at the hospital and allow for faster care.

    Type of informationContent
    Emergency contactsTelephone numbers and addresses of local emergency services, as well as the number of your GP
    Medical historyA printout of your family’s medical history and the medications they take
    Insurance cardsCopy of your family members’ health insurance card and identification cards

    By having this important information in your medicine cabinet, you will be better prepared for any medical emergency that may arise.

    Emergency Kit for Natural Disasters

    It is important to prepare for possible natural disasters, and to do so, it is advisable to include additional items in your home first aid kit. Take into account the following elements:

    Bottled Water2 liters per person, per day
    Nonperishable Food2 to 3 days of consumption per person
    Flashlight1 (with spare batteries)
    Radio1 (with spare batteries)
    First Aid Kit1
    Prescription Drugs2 to 3 days supply
    Important DocumentsIn a waterproof container

    These elements can make a fundamental difference in emergency situations. Be sure to regularly review and update your medicine cabinet and other emergency kit items for natural disasters.

    Travel First Aid Kit

    Travel First Aid Kit

    It is always important to keep in mind that when embarking on a trip, we must consider the elements necessary to assemble a personalized first aid kit. Below, we show you some elements that cannot be missing in your emergency kit.

    Medications for Motion Sickness

    It is common for some people to suffer from motion sickness during travel, so it is necessary to include medications to prevent and relieve this symptom. Consult your trusted doctor before starting treatment.

    Medicines for Traveler’s Diarrhea

    Traveler’s diarrhea can be a discomfort that is difficult to avoid, so it is important to have adequate medicines to help us control the situation. Antidiarrheal medications may be a good option.

    Insect Repellent

    In places that have a high presence of mosquitoes, it is essential to use insect repellent. Mosquito bites can transmit diseases such as Zika, dengue fever or chikungunya.

    First Aid Box

    We cannot forget to include a small first aid kit in our travel kit. Bandages, gauze, scissors, tweezers, alcohol, adhesive dressings, thermometer and other basic items can help us resolve minor ailments during our trip.

    Remember that it is important to take into account your family’s particular needs when putting together a travel kit. Do not hesitate to consult with a health professional to be well prepared for any emergency.

    Children’s First Aid Kit

    Parents always seek to protect their children, and having a home medicine cabinet dedicated to child care is an important step towards this. Here we show you some elements that you can consider to put together yours.

    Safe Medications for ChildrenIt includes analgesics/antipyretics, liquid antihistamines, ear drops and electrolyte solutions, always taking into account the age and weight of the child.
    Digital ThermometerBy choosing the right thermometer, taking your child’s temperature will no longer be a hassle.
    Bandages of Different SizesFor wounds and cuts, bandages of different sizes are essential in any home medicine cabinet.
    Physiological SerumFor the child’s eyes and to wash wounds. Make sure you have some in your medicine cabinet
    Safety ScissorsKnown for their blunt tip, safety scissors are useful for safely cutting bandages and clothing.
    GlovesTo protect the child and the person caring for him or her from infections.

    In addition to these items, it is important for parents to have relevant medical information in their home medicine cabinet. Medical documents, emergency phone numbers and other measures are essential to be prepared if you need urgent medical attention. It is advisable to review and replenish your home medicine cabinet at least once a year to ensure that all items are up to date and in good condition.

    Pet First Aid Kit

    Pets are an important part of our lives and deserve the same medical attention in case of emergency. Therefore, it is important to have a suitable home medicine cabinet for our furry friends.

    When assembling your pet first aid kit, be sure to include the following items:

    Veterinary MedicinesIt is important to have the necessary medications for our pet in case of emergency. Consult your trusted veterinarian to find out what medications are necessary.
    BandagesBandages can be very useful for healing small wounds in our pets. It is important to have different sizes and types of bandages, depending on the size and species of our pet.
    GlovesIt is important to protect our hands when caring for our pets in emergency situations. Gloves can be very useful to protect ourselves in these situations.
    Saline SolutionSaline solution is very useful for cleaning our pet’s eyes and wounds. Make sure you have a small bottle in your pet medicine cabinet.

    Be sure to store pet medicine cabinet items in a cool, dry place, and always out of the reach of your pets and children. Regularly check the expiration of medications and replenish those items that are necessary.

    first aid kit


    Now that you know the essential items necessary to build a complete home medicine cabinet, make sure you have them on hand for any emergency. From basic medications to first aid tools and healing materials, it is important to be prepared for any situation.

    Remember that having important medical information and an emergency kit for natural disasters are additional items that can make a huge difference. In addition, it is essential to have specific first aid kits for travel, children and pets, to ensure you have everything you need for any occasion.

    Don’t wait until it’s too late, prepare your home medicine cabinet today. Make sure you have all the essential elements to be prepared for any medical need.


    What elements are essential to put together a complete home medicine cabinet?

    For a complete home medicine cabinet, it is important to have basic medications such as pain relievers and antipyretics, first aid tools such as scissors and bandages, healing materials such as gauze and adhesive bandages, specific medications for your family’s needs, personal protective equipment such as gloves and masks, important medical information such as emergency documents and numbers, an emergency kit for natural disasters and a specific first aid kit for travel, children and pets.

    What are the basic medications that I should have in my home medicine cabinet?

    Basic medications that you should have in your home medicine cabinet include pain relievers such as paracetamol or ibuprofen, antipyretics to reduce fever, antidiarrheals to control diarrhea, as well as bandages and dressings to care for wounds and minor injuries.

    What first aid tools are essential in a home medicine cabinet?

    Some essential first aid tools for your home medicine cabinet are scissors, tweezers, bandages, dressings, thermometer and gloves. These items will help you treat minor wounds and injuries in case of emergency.

    What type of healing materials should I have in my home medicine cabinet?

    It is important to have bandages, gauze, adhesive dressings, antiseptics such as alcohol or povidone-iodine, and other basic healing items in your home medicine cabinet. These materials will help you care for wounds and burns.

    Are there specific medications that I should include in my home medicine cabinet?

    Yes, depending on your family’s needs, you can include specific medications such as antihistamines for allergies, decongestants for colds, cough syrups, and other medications that may be helpful in particular situations.

    What personal protective equipment is important to include in a home first aid kit?

    The personal protective equipment that you should include in your home medicine cabinet includes disposable gloves, face masks, safety glasses and other items that allow you to protect yourself during emergency situations.

    Why is it important to have relevant medical information in my home medicine cabinet?

    Having relevant medical information in your home medicine cabinet, such as medical documents and emergency phone numbers, is essential so that you can provide the necessary care in case of a medical emergency and facilitate communication with health professionals.

    What additional items should I include in my home first aid kit to be prepared for natural disasters?

    In addition to the basics, you should consider including bottled water, non-perishable food, a flashlight, a radio, and other essential items in case of natural disasters. These elements will help you be prepared and face emergency situations.

    What elements should I consider to put together a specific first aid kit for my trips?

    When putting together a travel-specific first aid kit, be sure to include motion sickness medication, traveler’s diarrhea medication, insect repellent, and other important items you may need during your trip away from home.

    What items are essential in a home medicine cabinet to care for children?

    When assembling a home first aid kit to care for children, it is essential to have child-safe medications, a digital thermometer, bandages of different sizes and other items necessary to meet the needs of the little ones in case of emergency.

    What elements should I consider to have an adequate home medicine cabinet for my pets?

    An adequate home first aid kit for your pets should include veterinary medications, bandages, gloves, saline solution and other essential items to care for your furry friends in case of emergency.